Category: Anthropology

Human No More: Digital Subjectivities, Unhuman Subjects, and the End of Anthropology

Turning an anthropological eye towards our on-line world, Human No More explores how stipulations of the web international form identification, position, tradition, and loss of life inside of digital communities.

Online worlds have lately thrown into query the normal anthropological perception of place-based ethnography. They holiday definitions, blur differences, and strength us to reconsider the thought of the "subject." Human No More asks how electronic cultures should be built-in and the way the ethnography of either the "unhuman" and the "digital" could lead on to attainable reconfiguring the concept of the "human."

This provocative and groundbreaking paintings demanding situations primary assumptions concerning the whole box of anthropology. Cross-disciplinary examine from well-respected members makes this quantity important to the certainty of up to date human interplay. it will likely be of curiosity not just to anthropologists but in addition to scholars and students of media, verbal exchange, pop culture, id, and technology.

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The Managed Hand: Race, Gender, and the Body in Beauty Service Work

By Miliann Kang

Two girls, digital strangers, sit down hand-in-hand throughout a slender desk, either motive at the related thing-achieving definitely the right nail clipping. Encounters like this happen millions of instances around the usa in nail salons more and more owned and operated via Asian immigrants. This learn seems to be heavily for the 1st time at those intimate encounters, targeting ny urban, the place such nail salons became ubiquitous. Drawing from wealthy and compelling interviews, Miliann Kang takes us contained in the nail undefined, asking such questions as: Why have nail salons develop into so well known? Why achieve this many Asian girls, and Korean girls specifically, supply those prone? Kang discovers a number of motivations for the manicure-from the pampering of white center type ladies to the inventive self-expression of operating classification African American ladies to the mass intake of body-related prone. opposite to notions of good looks carrier institutions as areas for construction group between ladies, The controlled Hand reveals that whereas tentative and fragile solidarities can emerge around the nail cutting desk, they typically cave in to much more strong divisions of race, category, and immigration.

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Survival of the Nicest: How Altruism Made Us Human and Why It Pays to Get Along

By Stefan Klein

A Publishers Weekly top ebook of 2014

This revelatory journey de strength through an acclaimed and across the world bestselling technology author upends our realizing of “survival of the fittest”—and invitations us all to imagine and act extra altruistically

The word “survival of the fittest” conjures a picture of the main cutthroat members emerging to the pinnacle. yet Stefan Klein, writer of the number one foreign bestseller The technology of Happiness, makes the startling statement that altruism is the most important to lasting own and societal good fortune. in truth, altruism defines us: common choice favourite these early people who cooperated in teams, and with survival extra guaranteed, our altruistic ancestors have been loose to dedicate brainpower to constructing intelligence, language, and culture—our very humanity.

Klein’s groundbreaking findings lead him to a vexing query: If we’re quite hard-wired to behave for one another’s profit, why aren’t all of us getting alongside? He believes we’ve realized to distrust our instincts simply because luck is so usually attributed to egocentric ambition, and with a unprecedented array of material—current learn on genetics and the mind, economics, social psychology, behavioral and anthropological experiments, background, and glossy culture—he makes the case that generosity for its personal sake is still easy methods to thrive.

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Who Lives, Who Dies, Who Decides?: Abortion, Neonatal Care, Assisted Dying, and Capital Punishment (Contemporary Sociological Perspectives)

This moment variation of Who Lives, Who Dies, Who Decides? has been up-to-date to contemplate the emerging stakes for problems with existence and dying. Abortion, assisted death, and capital punishment are one of the such a lot contentious matters in lots of societies and insist debate. Whose rights are safe? How do those rights and protections swap over the years and who makes these judgements? in response to the author’s award-winning and highly renowned undergraduate path on the collage of Texas and hugely instructed by way of selection journal, this publication explores the essentially sociological methods which underlie the hunt for morality and justice in human societies. The Author’s target isn't to recommend any specific ethical "high floor" yet to make clear the social hobbies and social techniques that are on the root of those likely own ethical questions and to advance readers to strengthen their very own opinions.

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War Before Civilization: The Myth of the Peaceful Savage

By Lawrence H. Keeley

The parable of the peace-loving "noble savage" is chronic and pernicious. certainly, for the final fifty years, most well-liked and scholarly works have agreed that prehistoric war was once infrequent, risk free, unimportant, and, like smallpox, a ailment of civilized societies on my own. Prehistoric struggle, in keeping with this view, used to be little greater than a ritualized online game, the place casualties have been restricted and the consequences of aggression particularly light. Lawrence Keeley's groundbreaking War ahead of Civilization bargains a devastating rebuttal to such cozy myths and debunks the idea that struggle used to be brought to primitive societies via touch with civilization (an thought he denounces as "the pacification of the past").
construction on a lot interesting archeological and ancient examine and supplying an astute comparability of war in civilized and prehistoric societies, from glossy ecu states to the Plains Indians of North the United States, War sooner than Civilization convincingly demonstrates that prehistoric struggle used to be actually extra lethal, extra common, and extra ruthless than sleek conflict. To aid this element, Keeley presents a wide-ranging examine struggle and brutality within the prehistoric international. He unearths, for example, that prehistorical strategies favoring raids and ambushes, in preference to formal battles, frequently yielded a excessive death-rate; that males falling into the arms in their enemies have been nearly universally killed; and that shock raids seldom spared even girls and kids. Keeley cites proof of old massacres in lots of parts of the area, together with the invention in South Dakota of a prehistoric mass grave containing the continues to be of over 500 scalped and mutilated males, ladies, and kids (a slaughter that happened a century and a part earlier than the coming of Columbus). moreover, Keeley surveys the superiority of looting, destruction, and trophy-taking in every kind of battle and back reveals little ethical contrast among old warriors and civilized armies. ultimately, and maybe such a lot controversially, he examines the facts of cannibalism between a few preliterate peoples.
Keeley is a professional author and his booklet is full of bright, eye-opening information (for example, that the murder cost of prehistoric Illinois villagers can have passed that of the fashionable usa via a few 70 times). yet he additionally is going past grisly evidence to deal with the bigger ethical and philosophical matters raised by way of his paintings. What are the reasons of struggle? Are humans inherently violent? How will we be sure peace in our personal time? tough a few of our so much dearly held ideals, Keeley's conclusions are guaranteed to stir controversy.

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Malta, Mediterranean Bridge:

By Stefan Goodwin

This scholarly but available e-book explores the social anthropology of Malta in the context of nearby cultural alternate among the Maltese and their associates. individuals to Malta's wealthy cultural improvement were the Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Sicilians, Greeks, Romans, Berbers, Arabs, Turks, Normans, Spaniards, French, British, and others. different vital participants were the Holy See and the Order of St. John, whose contributors have usually been recognized easily because the Knights of Malta.

Malta is a lacking hyperlink to figuring out many interrelationships between Mediterranean peoples and civilizations that hitherto have remained hidden or not easy. positioned on the middle of the Mediterranean Basin, Malta has been pivotal in different cultural differences and will function a prism for knowing a lot that's vital approximately lifeways within the Mediterranean: exchange, subsistence structures, faith, urbanization, and the transmigration of peoples in warfare and in peace.

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The Gift: Forms and Functions of Exchange in Archaic Societies

2011 Reprint of 1954 American version. complete facsimile of the unique variation, now not reproduced with Optical acceptance software program. this is often probably the 1st systematic examine of the customized, frequent in primitive societies from historical Rome to present-day Melanesia, of replacing presents. The present is conceived as a transaction forming a part of all human, own relationships among participants and teams. those present exchanges are even as ethical, financial, juridical, aesthetic, spiritual, mythological and social phenomena. A vintage paintings.

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Ethnomusicology: A Contemporary Reader

Ethnomusicology: a modern Reader is designed to complement a textbook for an introductory path in ethnomusicology. It deals a pass component of the simplest new writing within the box from the final 15-20 years. Many teachers complement textbook readings and listening assignments with scholarly articles that offer extra in-depth info on geographic areas and themes and introduce matters that could facilitate category or small staff dialogue. those resources serve different reasons besides: they exemplify study approach and layout and function types for using educational language, and jointly they could additionally illustrate the variety of ethnographic process and analytical variety within the self-discipline of ethnomusicology. Ethnomusicology: a latest Reader serves as a simple creation to the easiest writing within the box for college kids, professors, and tune execs. it's excellent for either introductory and higher point classes in global track.

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