Category: Anthropology

Notes on the Underground: An Essay on Technology, Society, and the Imagination (MIT Press)

The underground has consistently performed a famous function in human imaginings, either as a spot of safe haven and as a resource of worry. The overdue 19th century observed a brand new fascination with the underground as Western societies attempted to deal with the pervasive adjustments of a brand new social and technological order. In Notes at the Underground, Rosalind Williams takes us inside of that serious historic second, giving equivalent assurance to genuine and imaginary undergrounds. She seems on the real-life invasions of the underground that happened as sleek city infrastructures of sewers and subways have been laid, and on the simultaneous archaeological excavations that have been unearthing either human background and the planet's deep prior. She additionally examines the subterranean tales of Verne, Wells, Forster, Hugo, Bulwer-Lytton, and different writers who proposed substitute visions of the arrival technological civilization. 

Williams argues that those imagined and genuine underground environments supply versions of human existence in a global ruled by way of human presence and supply a prophetic examine modern technology-dominated society. In a brand new essay written for this version, Williams issues out that her publication lines the emergence within the 19th century of what we might now name an environmental consciousness--an knowledge that there'll be effects while people reside in a sealed, finite setting. this present day we're extra conscious than ever of our constrained biosphere and the way weak it's. Notes at the Underground, now much more than whilst it first seemed, bargains a consultant to the human, cultural, and technical results of what Williams calls "the human empire on earth."

Show description

Read More Notes on the Underground: An Essay on Technology, Society, and the Imagination (MIT Press)

The No-Nonsense Guide to Indigenous Peoples

By Lotte Hughes

Indigenous peoples have lengthy suffered from exoticization. Outsiders bring up their attractiveness, remoteness and distinction and don't see past this to the true difficulties they face. The No-Nonsense advisor to Indigenous Peoples appears past the unique photos, tracing the tales of other indigenous peoples from their first (and usually deadly) touch with explorers and colonizers. a lot of this heritage is advised the following via indigenous humans themselves.They vividly describe why land and the wildlife are so targeted to them; the way it feels to be snatched out of your kinfolk as a toddler as the executive desires to “make you white”; why they're tough that museums needs to go back the bones in their ancestors; how can they keep their conventional tradition whereas relocating with the days; and what sorts of improvement are optimistic. This brief advisor discusses all this and extra, elevating numerous matters for debate.

Show description

Read More The No-Nonsense Guide to Indigenous Peoples

Time and the Other: How Anthropology Makes Its Object

By Johannes Fabian

Fabian's research is a vintage within the box that modified the best way anthropologists relate to their matters and is of giant worth not just to anthropologists yet to all these involved in the learn of guy. a brand new foreward via Matti Bunzl brings the effect of Fabian's research as much as the current. Time and the Other is a critique of the notions that anthropologists are "here and now," their gadgets of research are "there and then," and that the "other" exists in a time no longer modern with our own.

Show description

Read More Time and the Other: How Anthropology Makes Its Object

The Wayfinders: Why Ancient Wisdom Matters in the Modern World

Each tradition is a different resolution to a basic query: What does it suggest to be human and alive? In The Wayfinders, popular anthropologist, winner of the celebrated Samuel Johnson Prize, and National Geographic Explorer - in - place of abode Wade Davis leads us on an exhilarating trip to have a good time the knowledge of the world's indigenous cultures. In Polynesia we set sail with navigators whose ancestors settled the Pacific ten centuries sooner than Christ. within the Amazon we meet the descendants of a real misplaced civilization, the Peoples of the Anaconda. within the Andes we find that the earth quite is alive, whereas in Australia we event Dreamtime, the all - embracing philosophy of the 1st people to stroll out of Africa. We then go back and forth to Nepal, the place we come upon a knowledge hero, a Bodhisattva, who emerges from 40 - 5 years of Buddhist retreat and solitude. and at last we settle in Borneo, the place the final rainforest nomads fight to outlive. knowing the teachings of this trip should be our project for the following century. For in danger is the human legacy - an unlimited archive of information and services, a listing of the mind's eye. Rediscovering a brand new appreciation for the range of the human spirit, as expressed through tradition, is likely one of the valuable demanding situations of our time.

Show description

Read More The Wayfinders: Why Ancient Wisdom Matters in the Modern World

Essentials of Physical Anthropology

Bestselling necessities OF actual ANTHROPOLOGY, tenth variation, offers a concise and authoritative advent to actual anthropology with the target of aiding scholars comprehend the technological know-how in the back of human evolution and the way people are biologically attached to all existence types. those organic connections hyperlink our species with our old ancestors, our modern primate cousins, and exhibit how heavily smooth human populations are regarding one another. The textual content emphasizes this subject matter of organic connections in addition to the connections among chapters within the fabric offered. This framework can assist scholars take hold of the large photo of human evolution and higher navigate the cloth.

Show description

Read More Essentials of Physical Anthropology

L'Enigme du don

By Maurice Godelier

Pourquoi doit-on donner, pourquoi doit-on accepter ce que l'on vous donne, et, quand on a accepté, pourquoi faut-il rendre?

Cet ouvrage évalue le rôle et l'importance du don dans le fonctionnement des sociétés et dans l. a. structure du lien social.

Le terrain, bien entendu, n'était pas vierge: Marcel Mauss, le greatest, l'avait défriché allant jusqu'à avancer l'idée que si les choses données sont rendues c'est qu'il y a dans los angeles selected donnée un esprit qui los angeles pousse à revenir entre les mains de son donateur originaire. L'hypothèse valut à Mauss l. a. critique sévère de Claude Lévi-Strauss, qui lui reprocha d'avoir pris une théorie indigène pour une théorie scientifique et d'avoir manqué de reconnaître pleinement le fait que l. a. société humaine entière est échange et que pour en comprendre le sens il faut partir du symbolique et de sa primauté sur l'imaginaire et le réel.

La point of view générale adoptée par Maurice Godelier renouvelle profondément notre compréhension du don. Il examine en effet les choses qu'on donne ou celles qu'on vend à partir des choses qu'on ne donne pas ou ne vend pas, des choses qu'on garde et que l'on doit garder, au ideal rang desquelles les objets sacrés. Réanalysant les pratiques du potlatch et du kula sur lesquelles Mauss s'était appuyé, il montre que les énigmes auxquelles Mauss a été confronté se dissipent lorsque l'on comprend qu'il est tout à los angeles fois attainable de donner un objet et de le garder. Ce qui est donné, c'est le droit d'en person pour d'autres dons, ce qui est gardé c'est l. a. propriété, inaliénable. Mais il faut encore expliquer pourquoi cette règle de droit s'applique aux objets précieux qu'on donne et non aux objets sacrés qu'on garde. los angeles selected s'éclaire lorsqu'on fait apparaître ce qui est enfoui dans l'objet, l'imaginaire associé au pouvoir.

Il apparaît donc que toute société renferme deux ensembles de réalités: les unes, soustraites à l'échange, aux dons, au marché, constituent autant de aspect fixes nécessaires pour que les autres circulent. Et c'est précisément los angeles redéfinition des ancrages fondamentaux du fait social qui constitue los angeles tâche majeure de los angeles pensée politique aujourd'hui.

Ancien directeur scientifique du Département des sciences de l'homme et de l. a. société du CNRS, Prix foreign Alexander von Humboldt en sciences sociales, Maurice Godelier est directeur d'études à l'EHESS où il dirige le Centre de recherche et de documentation sur l'Océanie. Il a publié deux livres chez Fayard: los angeles creation des Grands Hommes (1982), qui a reçu le Prix de l'Académie française, et L'Idéel et le matériel: Pensée, économies, sociétés (1984).

Show description

Read More L'Enigme du don

Twice Dead: Organ Transplants and the Reinvention of Death (California Series in Public Anthropology, Vol. 1)

By Margaret Lock

Tales approximately organ transplants look in mythology and folks tales, and floor in files from medieval instances, yet in simple terms up to now 20 years has clinical wisdom and expertise been sufficiently complicated for surgeons to accomplish millions of transplants every year. within the majority of situations contributors clinically determined as "brain lifeless" are the resource of the organs with no which transplants couldn't ensue. during this compelling and provocative exam, Margaret Lock lines the discourse over the last thirty years that contributed to the finding of a brand new criterion of demise within the mind, and its routinization in scientific perform in North the United States. She compares this example with that during Japan the place, regardless of the supply of the mandatory expertise and services, mind demise was once legally famous merely in 1997, after which lower than constrained and contested situations. Twice Dead explores the cultural, historic, political, and scientific purposes for the prepared recognition of the hot criterion of loss of life in North the USA and its rejection, until eventually lately, in Japan, with the outcome that organ transplantation has been seriously limited in that kingdom. This incisive and well timed dialogue demonstrates that demise isn't really self-evident, that the distance among lifestyles and demise is traditionally and culturally developed, fluid, a number of, and open to dispute.

as well as an research of that pro literature on and well known representations of the topic, Lock attracts on vast interviews carried out over ten years with physicians operating in in depth care devices, transplant surgeons, organ recipients, donor households, contributors of most of the people in either Japan and North the USA, and political activists in Japan against the popularity of mind dying. through exhibiting that loss of life can by no means be understood only as a organic occasion, and that cultural, clinical, criminal, and political dimensions are necessarily implicated within the invention of mind loss of life, Twice Dead confronts essentially the most troubling questions of our era.

Show description

Read More Twice Dead: Organ Transplants and the Reinvention of Death (California Series in Public Anthropology, Vol. 1)

A Social History of Anthropology in the United States

By Thomas C. Patterson

From Amazon:

"In half end result of the fresh Yanomami controversy, which has rocked anthropology to its very middle, there's renewed curiosity within the discipline's heritage and highbrow roots, in particular among anthropologists themselves. The leading edge of anthropological examine at the present time is a fabricated from prior questions and solutions, past pursuits, preoccupations and adventures, stretching again 100 years or extra. This publication is the 1st complete historical past of yankee anthropology. Crucially, Patterson relates the advance of anthropology within the usa to wider old currents in society.

American anthropologists through the years have labored via transferring social and fiscal stipulations, alterations in institutional association, constructing type buildings, global politics, and conflicts either at domestic and out of the country. How has anthropology been associated with colonial, advertisement and territorial growth within the States? How have the altering varieties of race, strength, ethnic id and politics formed the questions anthropologists ask, either previous and current? Anthropology as a self-discipline has constantly built in a detailed dating with different social sciences, yet this courting has hardly ever been scrutinized.

This booklet information and explains the complicated interaction of forces and stipulations that experience made anthropology in the United States what it's this day. in addition, it explores how anthropologists themselves have contributed and propagated robust photographs and ideas concerning the diverse cultures and societies that make up our world.

This booklet might be crucial examining for a person drawn to realizing the roots and purposes at the back of American anthropology on the flip of the twenty-first century. highbrow historians, social scientists, and someone intrigued via the expansion and improvement of institutional politics and practices may still learn this book."

Show description

Read More A Social History of Anthropology in the United States

Models and Mirrors: Towards an Anthropology of Public Events

By Don Handelman

During this comparative research of public occasions, Professor Handelman investigates rituals as epistemological phenomena of their personal correct. He argues that any public occasion - together with either ritual and comparable events - needs to first be comprehended in the course of the common sense of its layout.

Show description

Read More Models and Mirrors: Towards an Anthropology of Public Events

Significant Others: Interpersonal and Professional Commitments in Anthropology (History of Anthropology)

Anthropology is by means of definition approximately "others," yet during this quantity the word refers to not contributors of saw cultures, yet to "significant others"—spouses, fanatics, and others with whom anthropologists have deep relationships which are either own undefined. The essays during this quantity examine the jobs of those spouses and companions of anthropologists over the past due 19th and early 20th centuries, specifically their paintings as they observed the anthropologists within the box. different relationships mentioned contain these among anthropologists and informants, mentors and scholars, cohorts and companions, and oldsters and kids. The booklet closes with a glance at gender roles within the box, validated via the "marriage" within the past due 19th century of the male Anthropological Society of Washington to the Women’s Anthropological Society of the US. Revealing relationships that have been concurrently deeply own and professionally very important, those essays carry a brand new intensity of perception to the heritage of anthropology as a social technology and human recreation.

Show description

Read More Significant Others: Interpersonal and Professional Commitments in Anthropology (History of Anthropology)